Cold air dropping southward through the southern Plains is sometimes shunted westward towards higher elevation on the Equatorward side of the Polar High that anchors the cold air. That upslope flow facilitates the development of fog and low stratus. That was the case today, and the southward and westward movement of low clouds/fog is obvious in the IFR Probability field animation shown above. Much of the High Plains south of Kansas had reduced visibility and lowered ceilings, and IFR Probabilities were high.
The IFR Probability field does a better job of outlining where the low clouds associated with IFR Conditions are present. Compare the half-hourly loop above to the hourly loop of the Brightness Temperature Difference (10.7 µm – 3.9 µm), below. Regions with multiple cloud layers show little signal in the brightness temperature field, and the flip in signal at sunrise — as 3.9 µm radiation from the Sun is reflected off the clouds, overwhelming the emitted signal — is obvious.
Polar-orbiting satellites can give high-resolution views of scenes. Suomi/NPP carries the VIIRS instrument, which has a Day/Night band and 11.35 and 3.74 µm channels, shown below in a toggle. Of course, these views are telling you something about the top of the clouds only. Whether of not visibility/ceiling restrictions are happening is unknown. GOES-R IFR Probability algorithms have not yet been configured for Suomi/NPP data (such a configuration is complicated by the lack of a water vapor channel on VIIRS). The characteristic signal of high clouds — dark features in the enhancement used — shows up in the VIIRS Brightness Temperature Difference field.
MODIS data includes water vapor imagery, and thus GOES-R IFR Probability fields can be computed using MODIS data, as shown below from 0907 UTC. This toggle includes MODIS-based Brightness Temperature Differences, MODIS-based GOES-R IFR Probabilities, GOES-based GOES-R IFR Probabilities and GOES Brightness Temperature Differences. The shortcoming of the MODIS-based data is obvious (it doesn’t view the entire scene), but its strength (excellent spatial resolution) is also apparent.